Unending crisis in Pakistan

People displaced by floods in the Thatta area of Pakistan, where the Indus River overflowed and flooded acres of previously dry flatlands. Laura Sheahen/CRS

Laura Sheahen, Regional Information Officer, Asia for Catholic Relief Services (CRS is a American member of Caritas Internationalis)

It started as rain pouring down on Ahmed’s house in the northern mountains of Pakistan. Swelling his town’s river, it carried off his house and ate away the land it stood on; he escaped with his wife and children. The water rushed south, uprooting tall trees and sweeping away cornfields in a fertile valley where Sultana lives. “The water was so fast we saw buffalo floating away,” she says. It nearly claimed her two-month-old granddaughter, but the baby was rescued.

Sultana’s neighbors sat for days on the roof of their mosque, praying, as their crops and livestock whirled by.

Racing through the valley, the water broke down bridges and overturned boats, claiming their passengers. It took Rashida’s cement house; nine months pregnant, she fled with her husband and three children to a small hut loaned to her by a friend.

Farther south, on a hot rainless day, Koonj was feeding her one-month-old boy when the water starting rising. Overflowing the Indus River to reach villages in the Khairpur region, it was up to her neck in a half hour. Her cow and two goats were swallowed up as she boarded emergency boats, holding her baby as he sobbed in the sun.

Nearby, the water swamped fields of cotton and rice, cutting Bashir’s house off from what was now mainland. His neighbors swim to get across the new river. Some men made rafts and stayed near their homes, bobbing as they kept watch over their land.

Miles west, in an area called Nasirabad, Mai was separated from her 17-year-old son in the chaos of fleeing. Three days later, she approached a CRS staff member, weeping. With some help from a cell phone, mother and son were reunited.

As the water flowed towards the sea, it slowed and changed. It didn’t rush in and sweep away houses with its force; it gradually spread over flatlands and filled low places. Arfan and Jenna lived three miles from an embankment in a place called Thatta. When they heard it was breached, they had time to take their braided-twine cots, but nothing else. It took a day for their house to fill up.

More than a week later, the water is still six feet high in their home. “We can see the roof of our house, but there’s no way to get there,” says Jenna. The water in Pakistan’s northern mountains had somewhere to run: downhill. The water in the flat south has nowhere to go.

No one knows how long it will take to recede. Even when it does, it will leave sediment that could keep farmers like Arfan from raising good crops. It brings snakes, too: “I found a snake in my bed over a foot long,” says Jenna’s neighbor.

Incongruously, at the end of the flood is a desert. Not far from the vast Arabian Sea, surrounded by newly-formed lakes and stagnant pools, thousands of people who fled a deluge wait thirstily in the parching sun. Cactus grows in the orange dust of this dry desert landscape; people spread their clothes over scrub brush to dry. They use the branches and old seed bags to create makeshift shelters, seeking relief from the white glare of the sky. Their camps stretch on for miles.

Dramatically or subtly, gushing or gradual, the water flowed into thousands of villages, altering landscapes and lives. A month has passed and millions of people still can’t go home; some never will. Across Pakistan, their futures are being reshaped just as new channels were carved into their land. When the standing water recedes, people will begin their lives on unfamiliar ground, no sure footing in sight.

1 Comment

Filed under Asia, Conflicts and Disasters, Emergencies, Emergencies in Pakistan, Pakistan

One response to “Unending crisis in Pakistan

  1. Stefan Teplan

    Thank you for this story. It’s a pleasure to read something not only communicating facts but something that’s also very well written.

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